Hydroponics is a type of horticulture used for growing plants. It is an alternative way of gardening and can be used for crops. Hydroponics allows gardeners to grow vegetables without soil by using mineral enriched water based solution. Plants grown in hydroponics are not affected by any soil borne diseases, weeds, or pests because these problems do not exist in hydro gardening.
There are many different types of hydro organic systems that can be used. The simplest is the ebb and flow system, which is a self-contained unit where the plants are grown in a reservoir, and the nutrient solution is pumped from the reservoir to the plants and returned to the reservoir. The pump can be built by itself or be bought used, and the reservoir can be used in many ways such as inside a greenhouse. In addition to the ebb and flow system there are many other systems such as nutrient film technique. This is where the plants are grown on net pots and the nutrient solution is pumped through the plants, back to the reservoir.
There are many ways in which hydroponics can be used. In some systems the plants are grown in a medium called mediums. Hydroponics allows for the use of a wider variety of plants than any other way of gardening. The most common plants used are vegetables such as tomatoes, cucumbers, and lettuce.
* With hydro ponic systems, you grow the plants in a net pot. A tomato plant is usually grown in a net pot with a nutrient solution added. The net pot is usually made out of net cloth. You can use plastic pots instead of net pots if you prefer. The plant is usually fed with a fertiliser such as lime and water.
* With the nutrient film technique, you use a small bottle to apply the nutrient solution to the plants. This type of system is commonly used in schools. In this system, you apply the nutrient solution through the soil with a sprouted paper tube. The plants are fed with nutrient solutions through this system.
* For a greenhouse style of gardening, you use the large bottle which is mounted on a stand and fed through the greenhouse with a syringe. These large bottles are used in schools as a lesson in sustainability and gardening with a greenhouse.
* With the aeroponics system, you use a bottle that contains a mixture of nutrient solutions and water and the plant is mounted on a tube and fed through a submersible nozzle.
* With the nutrient film technique, you use the bottle with the syringe and a pump attached to the side of the bottle. The pump is typically mounted to a wall in the school or greenhouse. The syringe is hooked up to a pump attached to the wall. This system is typically used with the soil alone or with soil and potting soil. The pump is hooked up to a pump impeller that rotates around the axis of the earth. This rotates the pump shaft and the impeller pushes the pump fluid out of the bottle.
* With the hydroponics system, you use the long bottle which is mounted to the wall, connected to a pump to apply nutrient solutions, connected to the other wall to connect to a drip system to drip nutrient solutions into the plant. This system is typically used with soil alone or with soil and potting soil. The pump is typically attached to the wall. This system is also typically used in the school, because this system provides more uniform watering, and does not wash away nutrients from the solution.
* The nutrient film technique is typically used in larger gardens, because it allows for continuous watering and application of the nutrients to the plant, unlike the aeroponics system. The nutrients will flow over the plant, because the tree canopy prevents the nutrients from running too fast. The nutrient solution is spread evenly over the plant, because the larger plant have more surface area for the nutrient solution to flow over. This method is typically used with soil and potting soil. The pump is typically mounted to the ceiling. This system is typically used with the soil and potting soil.
* The water drip system is a simple method, used in school gardens, it is typically used with soil alone. The pump is hooked up to the pump impeller that rotates around the axis of the earth, and the pump is hooked up to a timer that will drip nutrient solutions through the system on a regular basis, the timer has a light to turn on and off. It’s similar to the hydroponic system in design, but the flow of the solution is slower. This is typically used in large gardens.
* The drip with misting method is typically used in school gardens, a timer is hooked up to the system and the water is misted onto the plants leaves. The timer is typically used once a day, because it’s a many step process that misting once a day provides for daily watering. The timer can be hooked up to the pump to mist continuously or once per hour, depending on your needs.
* The drip with a tumbler method is a complex system, it’s commonly used in commercial gardens, it’s typically used with a container or tub that has multiple holes in the bottom and a separate hose that goes into a larger watering can. The plant in the can has multiple can holders, the multiple holders allows the watering solution to fall on different plant parts, for more uniform watering. The multiple holders also allows the watering solution to drip at different rates, such as daily watering. This is typically used in large gardens.
* The drip with drip method is typically used in school gardens, the drip system is typically connected to a timer that has a timer face that turns to allow the solution to drip, and then a spigot that drips the solution onto the plants.
* The trickle method is a more complex method, and usually only used in medium to small gardens, a spray head connects to a timer with a timer that turns to allow the solution to drip, and then a spigot that drips the solution onto the plants.
* The drip with tray method is typically used in medium to large gardens, the spigot is typically connected to a timer that turns to allow the solution to drip, the solution then drips onto a tray that has multiple holes. The tray allows the solution to drip on the plant, but also allows the excess solution to run off onto the ground.
* The water spray method is typically used in large gardens, it’s typically used with a watering can that has numerous spraying ports, the water spray method is used when there is a large amount of water that needs to be sprayed onto the plants.
* The mist method, as the name implies is a mist method, and it’s typically used with a canister spray that has multiple ports.
* The roll method is a roller method, and it’s typically used in the garden, it’s typically connected to a timer that turns to spray solution onto the plants.
* The drip roll method is typically used in the garden, and the timer is typically connected to the roll method.
* The siphon method is a siphoning method, and it’s typically used when the plants are sitting in a tub, the siphon method is used to draw water off of the plants and onto the soil and then back to the plant.
* The drip method is a drip method that has a timer, and the solution is typically connected to the timer.